STUDENT HANDBOOK TABLE OF CONTENTS
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General Requirements for the Juris Doctor Degree
Requirements for the Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree are:
To be eligible to participate in the Law School Commencement, during the spring semester, students must be within 15 credit hours of completing their degree requirements. No student shall graduate or participate in commencement if a disciplinary action or hearing is pending, or if the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs finds such participation inappropriate.
Degree with Honors
The Law School recognizes scholastic attainment of genuine distinction by awarding the degree of Juris Doctor summa cum laude, magna cum laude, or cum laude based on cumulative grade-point average.
Honors are bestowed on the following basis:
The normal full-time credit load is 12 to 18 semester credit hours in the fall and spring semesters and 6 to 8 credit hours in the summer term. A semester requires enrollment in at least 12 semester hours, but under unusual circumstances, the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs may grant permission for a student to undertake fewer hours. In the final semester of study, enrollment in at least 10 semester credits qualifies for full-time resident status. Students may not enroll in more than 18 hours in any fall or spring semester, or more than 8 hours in the summer term.
FIRST YEAR COURSES
Civil Procedure: Jurisdiction or Civil Procedure: Anatomy of a Lawsuit*
Contracts & Sales I
Legal Research & Writing
Total = 14
Civil Procedure: Jurisdiction or Civil Procedure: Anatomy of a Lawsuit*
Contracts & Sales II
3 or 4*
Legal Research & Writing
Total = 14 or 15
* Both Civil Procedure courses will be taken in the first year. The order in which they are taken by a particular 1L section will be determined by the instructor(s) involved.
Civil Procedure: Jurisdiction. 4010. 3 hours.
This course focuses on the scope and nature of courts’ constitutional and statutory authority to decide cases. Topics include statutory and constitutional constraints on judicial power to render an enforceable judgment against a defendant, subject-matter jurisdiction in federal court, venue, and the determination of the applicable law in certain federal cases under the Rules of Decision Act, the Rules Enabling Act, and the famous Erie doctrine. Issues of separation of powers, federalism, and forum shopping are also discussed.
Civil Procedure: Anatomy of a Lawsuit. 4020. 3 hours.
This course focuses on the life cycle of a lawsuit in federal court, with principal reference to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Topics include pleading and the rules governing the content (and timing) of pleading-based defenses, joinder, discovery, summary judgment, trial and post-trial motions, and the constitutional right to a jury trial. Also addressed is the preclusive effect of final judgments. In addition, the course also deals with rule and constitutional interpretation and analysis of the strategic decisions litigators must make throughout the life of a case.
Criminal Law. 4050. 3 hours.
The historical development of criminal law as well as the analysis of the necessary elements of crimes and the consideration of the principal classes of crimes.
In the spring semester, each first year student will take one elective for 3 or 4 credits, selected from a limited menu. Property (4 credits) and Constitutional Law I (3 credits) will be two of the options. The other options will vary from year to year. Enrollment in these elective courses will be limited to first-year students.
Contracts and Sales I and II. 4030, 4040. 3 hours each.
An introduction to the law of legally enforceable promises including offers and their acceptance, duration and termination of offers, consideration, requisites of contracts under seal, parties affected by contracts, parol evidence rule, statute of frauds, performance of contracts, effect of illegality, and discharge of contracts.
Legal Research & Writing I and II. 4070, 4080. 2 hours each.
An intensive one-year course in legal bibliography, research methods, and writing. Instruction is by lecture and clinical methods, with assignments including library exercises, memoranda, and an appellate brief (with oral argument). Assignments are supervised and critiqued. Introduces concept of authorities and analysis of authorities, as well as research and technical writing forms.
Torts I and II. 4120, 4130. 3 hours each.
These courses explore the basic principles underlying the law of civil liability for conduct causing damage to others. Topics include intentionally inflicted harm to a person's physical or emotional well-being, negligently inflicted harm and liability resulting from use and misuse of products.
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED COURSES
The Law and Ethics of Lawyering. 4300. 3 hours.
This course deals with the ethical and legal principles that govern the legal profession. Topics covered include, among others, the attorney-client relationship, the duty of confidentiality, the attorney-client privilege, conflicts of interest, ethics in advocacy, ethical issues in representing organizational clients, admission to practice, and advertising and solicitation. Particular emphasis is given to the Model Rules of Professional Conduct and the Restatement of the Law Governing Lawyers.
Property. 4090. 4 hours.
This course addresses the recognition, development and regulation of rights in real property and personal property, including the nature and function of possession and title, shared ownership, private and public rights, and transfers of property.
Constitutional Law I. 4180. 3 hours.
This course addresses the meaning and impact of the Constitution of the United States, particularly with regard to federalism, separation of powers, the judicial function and due process of law.
Practical Skills Requirement
The Law School and the ABA require, as a condition for graduation, that each law student complete at least one practical skills course. The law faculty has designated the following courses as satisfying the practical skills requirement.
Courses Outside the Law School
Up to six hours of credit for graduate-level courses outside the Law School may be applied toward the J.D. degree. Registration for such courses requires permission of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. Students must demonstrate the relevance of an outside course to their legal education and/or career plans. This privilege is not granted to first-year students. Student requests must be made to the Associate Dean in writing or by email no later than 21 calendar days before the end of the late registration/schedule adjustment period each semester. The request must include the course name, number, and description, as well as an explanation of why the student wishes to take the course and how it relates to his or her legal education and/or law career objectives.
Advanced Writing Requirement
The Law School requires, as a condition for graduation, that each student complete a substantial, traditional research paper in a style similar to a law review article. The research paper must be at least 30 pages in length, double-spaced, with single-spaced footnotes and one-inch margins typed in 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Different spacing, font, and margin parameters may be established by the faculty member for whom the paper is being written, but those parameters must translate to the required specifications previously noted. The faculty member certifying a student's satisfaction of the Advanced Writing requirement must complete a certificate available from the Law School Registrar, stating the method by which it was satisfied and the grade earned. Completion of the Advanced Writing requirement is necessary before graduation certification can be provided to any State’s Bar. The requirement may be satisfied in any of three ways:
Supervised Research and Independent Project
A student may not receive more than 4 hours total credit toward the J.D. degree for any combination of Supervised Research and Independent Project. No more than 2 hours credit for Supervised Research or Independent Project or any combination thereof can be earned in any semester without permission of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. Supervised Research and Independent Project assignments should be completed by the end of the semester in which credit is sought. Occasionally, additional time beyond the semester may be required. In such cases, a professor may enter a grade of I (Incomplete) and grant a one-semester extension for completion of the work. To enroll in Supervised Research or Independent Project, the student must obtain a form from the Law School Registrar to be completed by the student and signed by the supervising professor. Upon returning the form to the Registrar, the student will register in Athena at http://athena.uga.edu, for the appropriate course: Supervised Research (JURI 5190) or Independent Project (JURI 5510).
1. Supervised Research
Supervised Research, JURI 5190 (2 credits), involves an in-depth written analysis of a legal issue under close faculty supervision. It requires significant legal research and original thinking and analysis. Students must produce a final paper of a kind and quality similar to that found in law review articles. Completion of this course should involve: (1) thesis description of topic and scope; (2) general outline of approximately two pages; (3) detailed outline with citations to each major point, including preliminary bibliography listing of all sources searched to this point; (4) textual draft with bibliography of sources consulted, whether or not cited in text; and (5) final paper including footnotes.
Supervision of the paper in Supervised Research generally should be undertaken by a full-time faculty member. On rare occasions, the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs may authorize an adjunct or visiting professor to supervise such a paper.
The thesis description should be approved by the professor prior to enrollment in Supervised Research. Once the project has been approved and the student is enrolled, the balance of the steps should be completed according to a schedule established by the faculty member.
The final paper must be submitted to the supervising professor no later than the last day of the semester, unless other arrangements have been made with the supervising professor.
Supervised Research cannot involve a topic significantly explored or researched by the student previously in another context such as legal journals, moot court, paid research, law office work, or previous seminars. A student is free to use the completed project in any manner the student desires.
A professor will not supervise research outside of the area of his/her expertise, unless there is no faculty member possessing that expertise. Normally, Supervised Research will not be undertaken on a topic covered by a seminar currently being offered. A professor may not supervise more than 7 students per academic year in Supervised Research. No faculty member may grade a Supervised Research paper where the paper was originally supervised by another faculty member, except in extraordinary circumstances with the approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
2. Independent Project
Independent Project, JURI 5510 (1 or 2 credits), provides a flexible opportunity for independent exploration of legal issues or questions sometimes not found in any course or seminar and without following the format of a formal research paper. Projects must involve significant legal, social or empirical research or experiences.
The supervisor of an Independent Project should be a full-time faculty member. To enroll, the student must present to a faculty member a prospectus describing in detail the project, the resources to be consulted, and the final product, if any, that will result from the student's project. The faculty member must review and approve the proposal prior to the student's enrollment.
The grade for Independent Project will be based upon the originality and creativity of the project, the amount of effort expended, the extent of the learning experience, and the quality of any written work prepared by the student in connection with the project. The work must be completed and any product submitted no later than the last day of scheduled classes for the semester.
A faculty member normally will not grade Independent Projects in fields outside of his/her expertise, unless no other faculty member possesses that expertise. Faculty members are not permitted to grade an Independent Project that was originally approved by another professor. A faculty member may not supervise more than 9 independent projects per academic year.
Independent Project credit cannot be given for work previously done in connection with law review, legal journals, moot court, paid research, law office practice, or a course or seminar.
Independent Project credit does not satisfy the Advanced Writing Requirement for graduation.
Clinic Hour Limitation
No student may apply more than 16 hours of credit toward the J.D. degree in any combination of clinical courses. Clinical courses include: Prosecutorial Clinic II, Criminal Defense Clinic I, Criminal Defense Clinic II, Civil Clinic I, Civil Clinic II, Community Economic Development Clinic, Summer Externships, Mediation Practicum II, Corporate Counsel Externship, Family Violence Clinic, Appellate Litigation Clinic, Business Law Clinic, Medical-Legal Partnership Clinic (beginning Fall 2014), and the Washington D.C. Externship. The Law School may offer additional clinic courses from time to time. Any question about whether a course counts against the clinic-hour limitation should be addressed to the Law School Registrar. Having earned credit in the basic course in one clinic, a student generally can take advanced clinic work only in that clinic. Exceptions can be granted by the clinic directors in consultation with the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Remunerative Employment Limitation
Consistent with sound pedagogical practice and ABA accreditation standards, students should devote substantially all working hours to law study and shall not engage in more than 20 hours of remunerative employment per week while school is in session. First-year students are strongly discouraged from engaging in any such work. Students found in violation of this rule will not be considered full-time students for purposes of satisfying the graduation requirement of six full-time semesters.
Academic Performance Standards
1. Minimum Standard for Graduation and Good Standing
The minimum standard of academic performance during attendance is 1.90. Any student whose cumulative grade point average falls below 1.90 is not in good standing and is subject to academic exclusion according to the procedures set forth below.
2. Standards of Performance for First-year Students
Any student whose cumulative grade point average at the end of the first year is below 1.58 will be dismissed from the Law School with no right to petition to repeat the first-year courses. Any student whose grade point average at the end of the first year is at least 1.58 but less than 1.90 will be placed on probation and required to repeat all of the first-year courses. The student may choose to repeat the first-year courses immediately or may remain out of school for one academic year and then repeat the first-year courses. The student will have only one opportunity to successfully repeat the first-year courses and earn a grade point average of at least 1.90. Upon successful completion of the first- year courses with a grade point average of at least 1.90, the grades from the initial attempt at the first year will be expunged from the student's record and not included in calculating the student's grade point average. Students who enroll in summer courses after the first year whose cumulative grade point average is less than 1.90 will be withdrawn and will receive a refund of summer tuition and fees.
3. Standards of Performance for 2nd and 3rd year Students
a) A student whose cumulative grade point average after the first two semesters is above 1.90 is in good standing.
b) If at any time after the first two semesters a student's cumulative grade point average falls below 1.90, the student will be notified by mail that he or she is dismissed from the Law School.
c) Upon receipt of the notice, the student will not be allowed to enroll in the next semester following the receipt of notice of dismissal unless that student is readmitted (see Readmission Standards below). If the notice of a grade point average of less than 1.90 is given while the student is enrolled in a semester or summer term, the student will be withdrawn from his or her courses and receive a refund for tuition and fees.
d) Any student readmitted as described herein will be on academic probation for the first semester of attendance after readmission. During that semester, the student must raise his/her cumulative grade point average to 1.90. Failure to do so will result in permanent academic exclusion from the Law School.
Readmission cases shall be handled by the Dean. In readmission cases, the applicant has the burden of justifying readmission by establishing specific unusual or unique circumstances, not common to a large number of students or inherent in the academic process, that reasonably could produce inferior academic performance. The following are illustrative of specific unique circumstances: serious illness or injury to the applicant; serious illness; injury or death of a member of the applicant's family; unusual and unanticipated financial developments; serious personal problems such as divorce. The following are typical examples of vague, non-unique circumstances that will not justify readmission: difficulty of law school work; poor or unsuccessful study habits; lack of emotional maturity; financial worries; social relationship problems; lack of total commitment to the profession. Risks willingly assumed, such as part-time work, that could disrupt the applicant's work and study habits will not disqualify an applicant for readmission but will militate against such readmission. The applicant must present evidence establishing that the unique circumstances did, in fact, contribute to the poor performance and that there are excellent prospects for satisfactory performance in the future.
The Law School offers joint degree programs that enable students to earn both their J.D. and graduate degrees in four academic years, rather than the five it would take to earn them individually. Applicants must apply separately to both programs. Joint degree programs are not open to transfer students.
Joint degree students must satisfy all Law School requirements, except for the 88 credit hours normally required for the J.D. degree. Students interested in a joint degree program should contact the non-Law School graduate program’s Admissions Office directly for information about that program. Joint degree students must complete their first and second years of Law School study consecutively. In addition, they will pay three years of Law School tuition and one year at the Graduate School rate and will only be eligible for a graduate assistantship during their one full academic year in the non-Law School graduate program. For more information regarding joint degree programs, please see http://www.law.uga.edu/joint-degrees.
The J.D./M.B.A. provides preparation for students interested in careers combining law and banking, entrepreneurship, finance, international business, or other business and commercial interests. Applicants should have two years of work experience in business and have taken the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). The degree requires 74 Law School credits.
The J.D./M.H.P. program, which includes an internship and thesis, is designed for students interested in the historic preservation field. Students with wide varieties of academic backgrounds and experiences are accepted for the program. Applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). The degree requires 79 Law School credits.
The J.D./M.P.A. attracts students who desire careers in public administration, including not-for-profit sectors. Graduates may have careers as attorneys in local, state, or federal agencies and/or be administrators in the agencies. The program accepts students from various academic and experiential backgrounds. Applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). The degree requires 74 Law School credits.
J.D./M.Ed. in Sports Studies
This joint degree provides the theoretical and practical background to pursue career opportunities as a lawyer concentrating on sports issues. It is restricted to students in the Sports Management program. Applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). The degree requires 76 Law School credits.
Graduates of the J.D./M.S.W. program are prepared for careers as social service administrators, juvenile court representatives, family court judicial personnel, mediators, public policy officials, guardian ad litems, family law attorneys, and child support enforcement administrators. Students will participate in both legal and social work internships. Applicants must take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). The degree requires 76 Law School credits.
Students in good standing at a law school approved by the ABA may be admitted to the Law School as visiting students. Admission is granted for one academic term at a time. Law School students seeking visiting status at other law schools must obtain permission from the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. Petitions to be a visiting student elsewhere must include an explanation of the reasons for the visit.
Georgia Law at Oxford
This program is one of the few semester-long study abroad opportunities offered by an American law school. It involves 3 traditional courses on various international and comparative law topics and an intensive research and writing project on a comparative or international law topic of choice. Students receive 12 semester hours of credit toward their degree upon completion of the program.
Washington, D.C. Semester in Practice
The D.C. Semester in Practice Program provides up to 15 students the opportunity to have a full-time clinical experience in the nation’s capital. Student placements include federal governmental agencies, headquarters of national non-profits, federal judges and prosecutors. In addition to working at their placements for between 32 and 35 hours weekly, students participate in a two-credit clinical seminar and a three-credit non-clinical course taught by a Washington-area law professor. Students earn a total of 13 credits. This program operates each fall and spring semester.
Brussels and Geneva Summer Program
The Georgia Law Summer Program in Brussels and Geneva is hosted by two highly prestigious European institutions of higher learning: L’Institut d’études européennes, Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis (IEE) in Brussels, Belgium and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Graduate Institute) in Geneva, Switzerland. The curriculum is designed to provide an introduction to the legal system of the European Union, with an emphasis on EU business law, as well as a concentrated study of international trade law practice under the WTO. All courses are taught in English by faculty from the IEE, Graduate Institute, and Georgia Law. Enrollment is limited to 25.
China Summer Program
The Georgia Law Summer Program in China is hosted by two of China's most prestigious institutions of higher learning: Tsinghua University in Beijing and Fudan University in Shanghai. The program offers participants the opportunity to interact with leading legal scholars from China and explore the country through cultural tours and field trips. The curriculum is designed to provide an introduction to the Chinese legal system, with an emphasis on commercial and international trade law. All courses are taught in English by faculty from Tsinghua University School of Law, Fudan University School of Law, and Georgia Law.
ABA-Approved Summer Study
Many American law schools sponsor American Bar Association-approved educational programs either on their campus or in other countries. The Law School normally will accept transfer credits (but not grades) for courses in which students earn the grade of C or better. Prior approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs is necessary. A Study Abroad Credit Approval form, necessary for international study and student financial aid, is available either online or at the Law School Registrar’s Office. Students must pay a study abroad fee and complete the credit approval form only for programs sponsored by law schools other than Georgia Law. Please note that there is a program fee for Georgia Law study abroad programs. All forms and study abroad fees must be submitted and paid before course registration and financial aid can be completed.
Global Internship Program
Since 2001, the Dean Rusk Center has placed over 200 law students in 30 countries around the world through Georgia Law's Global Internship Program. This unique initiative allows first- and second-year J.D. students at the University of Georgia to venture abroad to gain experience in legal organizations during a four to twelve-week period.
Past host institutions and organizations have praised the results of the interaction with Georgia Law students, not only appreciating the opportunity to network with future American legal professionals but, most importantly, recognizing the actual contributions made by the students during their summer placements. No academic credit is earned in these internships.
Environmental Ethics Certificate
Law students may enroll in the Environmental Ethics Certificate Program for the graduate-level certificate. For a law student to receive the certificate, the student must complete, with permission of the Associate Dean, two required courses outside of the Law School, namely Ecological Concepts (EETH/ECOL 6200) and Environmental Ethics (EETH/PHIL 6220). A candidate for an environmental certificate must also enroll in an additional course in environmental ethics; law students can satisfy that requirement by taking the Environmental Dispute Resolution course (EETH/JURI 7870). The student must also attend a series of Tuesday evening seminars (EETH 6000), which is an ungraded weekly seminar and will not count as credit toward the J.D. Finally, the certificate recipient must complete two additional courses and a substantial paper about an environmental subject. Most of the classes in the Law School's environmental curriculum qualify as EECP electives, and students may choose to satisfy the EECP required paper with the same paper that they use to satisfy the Law School's Advanced Writing Requirement. For further information about the EECP, please call its office at (706) 542-0935, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or visit http://www.uga-eecp.com/.
Third-Year Law Practice
Under Rule 92 of the Supreme Court of Georgia, authorized third-year law students may assist in certain proceedings in Georgia courts. A student must be under the supervision of a district attorney, a solicitor-general of a state court, a solicitor of a municipal court, a public defender, or a licensed practicing attorney who works for or volunteers for a court or a non-profit organization that provides free legal representation to indigent persons or children.
Certification of third-year student status is handled by the Law School Registrar. Forms are provided by agencies or can be generated by the Registrar upon written request. To be certified, the student must:
a) have completed 58 or more credit hours; or
b) have completed 57 credit hours along with the Practical Skills Requirement and either The Law and Ethics of Lawyering or the Advanced Writing Requirement; or
c) have completed 56 credit hours and the Practical Skills Requirement, The Law and Ethics of Lawyering, and the Advanced Writing Requirement.
Upper level elective courses and their descriptions can be found on the Law School’s web site. http://law.uga.edu/course-offerings
All information pertaining to course schedules, registration dates, drop/add schedule adjustment, and registration guidelines are available online at http://www.law.uga.edu/class-schedules-registration. Students may access the University’s Athena online registration system by computer at http://athena.uga.edu. Students who have unpaid parking fines, library fines, health service fees, etc. will have a "flag" placed on their registration by the University. Registration cannot be accomplished while a flag exists on a student's record. Information regarding loan disbursements, tuition, and fee deadlines is available on the University Bursar’s website at http://www.bursar.uga.edu/.
Standard 304(d) of the ABA Standards for Approval of Law Schools requires regular and punctual class attendance as a means of fulfilling residency and class hour requirements. Regular and punctual class attendance is an integral part of the learning process. In compliance with the foregoing standard, it is Law School policy that students must attend classes regularly. A student should not incur during a semester a number of absences in excess of twice the number of times a particular course is scheduled to meet per week.
An instructor may, but is not required to, establish his or her own more demanding attendance policy at the beginning of a particular course. Any such policy shall be announced and enforced by the instructor.
Full-time students at the Law School may audit any law course, with the permission of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and the professor teaching the course. No additional tuition charge will be assessed. Others within or outside of the University may audit a course only if the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, in his or her discretion, determines that there is sufficient reason for such audit commensurate with the general purposes of the Law School and then only with agreement of the professor teaching the course. Tuition will be charged for such an audit.
Withdrawal from a Course/Withdrawal from School
A student may withdraw from a course without penalty during the first half of each semester. A grade of "WP" is assigned if the student is doing satisfactory work and follows withdrawal requirements. Until the midpoint of a semester, withdrawal from a course is accomplished online through the University’s Athena e-withdrawal system at http://athena.uga.edu.
A grade of "WF" is assigned if the student is doing unsatisfactory work at the time of withdrawal. If the withdrawal is initiated after the midpoint of the semester or if the instructor initiates the withdrawal because of irregular attendance by the student, a grade of WF may be assigned. This determination will be made by the instructor in consultation with the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
In most instances, a student who voluntarily withdraws from the Law School while in good standing may return without penalty at a later time. An extended absence, however, may warrant reconsideration of eligibility to return. Generally, a J.D. degree will not be awarded more than 5 academic years after the student's matriculation. Any student withdrawing from the Law School should discuss the matter with the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Drop-Add Schedule Adjustment
A drop/add period is provided early in each semester. Courses deleted during this period will not appear on a student's academic record. Drop/add is accomplished through the Athena online course registration system at http://athena.uga.edu.
Any course dropped after the drop/add period will result in either a WP or WF on the transcript.
The Law School does not conduct classes when the University closes due to inclement weather. Announcements of closings are made on Athens radio stations, Atlanta media, and on the University website.
In the event a class session must be cancelled or postponed, a notice will be posted on the door of the room in which the class is regularly taught and sent via official UGA e-mail to the students.
Law School Computer Use Policy
Instructors may restrict or prohibit the use of computers in class subject to any requirements imposed by state or federal disability law.
Recording of Classes
Unless a contrary policy is announced in a particular course, electronic recording of class discussions is not permitted without the express permission of the instructor.
Faculty and Course Evaluations
Near the conclusion of each course, students have the opportunity to evaluate the course and instructor. Evaluations are completed anonymously. The primary goal of this process is improvement of instruction. To this end, evaluations are available to the instructor only after grades have been submitted for the class.
Exam Rescheduling and Emergencies
Because final exam schedules are available during registration, students are expected to take their exams as scheduled. Compliance with exam rescheduling procedures is not required if the instructor has announced an alternative exam time available to all students regardless of their circumstances. Exceptional circumstances, however, are to be handled as follows:
1. Conflicting Exam or Other Obligation Students may seek to reschedule an exam because of a conflict with another exam. Such a conflict exists only when a student has two exams scheduled on the same calendar day (not within 24 hours of each other). In such a situation, the student may seek to reschedule one exam to another time.
The following procedures must be followed:
a) The student must inform both instructors of the conflict and ask one professor for relief. If one instructor refuses permission, the student may ask the other. If neither instructor authorizes rescheduling, the student should consult the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs immediately.
If an instructor has granted permission to reschedule, the student must obtain an exam change form in the Registrar's office or online, and complete and submit the form to the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, who will authorize and arrange the rescheduling.
The fact that a student has multiple exams on consecutive days does not justify an exam change. Likewise, the fact that a student has an exam on one afternoon and another the following morning does not justify an exam change.
b) A student may seek relief if a scheduled exam conflicts with other very important obligations (e.g., family weddings, job responsibilities, etc.). The procedure to be followed is the same as in 1(a) above, and should include the details of the important obligation that prompted the request for relief. Each case will be considered on its merits.
The exam schedule will have makeup time slots designated. Rescheduled exams will be taken during one of those time slots. In unusual circumstances, with permission of the instructor and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, makeups may be scheduled at alternative times.
2. Rescheduling for Emergencies When emergencies arise during the exam period, such as personal illness, severe family illness, death in the family, etc., a student should contact the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs immediately in order to make arrangements for rescheduling, if appropriate. Because of the anonymous grading system, the student should not contact the instructor.
3. Emergencies Arising During an Exam If an emergency arises during an exam, a student should notify the Dean's Office immediately. Arrangements will be made for rescheduling, if appropriate. To preserve the anonymity of the grading process, the student should not contact the instructor.
Anonymous Grading Numbers
All exams, whether take-home or timed in a classroom, will be graded anonymously. Students may access their “Blind Grading ID” number online through Athena at http://athena.uga.edu. Students are assigned a new anonymous exam number at the beginning of each semester and that Grading ID should be used for every course during that term to identify the student. Blind Grading ID’s will be different for each student and will be confidential. No professor will have any knowledge of a particular student’s Grading ID number.
Law School Grading Policy
To ensure a measure of uniformity in grading policies, the faculty has instituted the following regulations:
1. First Year Grades
The average grade in each first-year course must fall within the range of 2.9-3.1
based on the Law School's grading system (A+ = 4.3; A = 4.0; A- = 3.7; B+ = 3.3,
etc.). The grades of non-J.D. students will be disregarded for purposes of this
policy. Variation from this rule is permissible only in extraordinary circumstances,
which must be outlined by the instructor in a letter to the Dean. Suggested
guidelines, which are not mandatory, are:
Except as set forth below, the average grade in all upper-level courses must fall within the range of 2.9-3.2. The grades of non-J.D. students will be disregarded for purposes of this policy. Variations are permissible only in extraordinary circumstances, which must be outlined in a letter from the instructor to the Dean. All courses and seminars with 20 or fewer students are not subject to this policy.
Suggested guidelines, which are not mandatory, are:
Faculty Policy stipulates that grading must be completed and course grades submitted to the Law School Registrar within 25 days after the date of the last scheduled exam. If the 25th day falls on a Saturday, Sunday or holiday, faculty must submit grades on the next business day after the 25th day. This policy applies to fall, spring, and summer terms.
Individual class ranks are calculated for those in the top 25% of the class only. Ranking letters are emailed to each student in the top 25%. Students are informed if they grouped in the top 10%, 25%, 33%, 50% or 75% of the class.
Grade of Incomplete
If a student receives authorization not to complete work in a course, then he or she will be given a grade of “I” (Incomplete) instead of an “F.” A student can remove the “I” from his or her record by completing the required work within the time period specified by the instructor, which time period will not extend beyond the last day of the next regular semester. If a student fails to remove an “I” within the prescribed time, the “I” automatically will be changed to an “F.”
Grade Changes and Appeals
A grade change (other than a change from an Incomplete) will be approved by the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs only in situations where the instructor has discovered a ministerial error such as mistaken computation or transcription. A re-reading of a single paper or small subset of papers by the instructor will not justify a grade change. After discussing his or her grade with the instructor, a student dissatisfied with his or her course grade may file an appeal in writing with the Dean of the Law School within 30 days of entry of the grade. The assignment of grades for a course is within the broad discretion of the instructor. Accordingly, for an appeal to be successful the student must demonstrate that the grade was produced by: 1) a ministerial error by the instructor; or 2) improper or unprofessional bias of the instructor against the particular student.
Law School Grade Report Service
Law School grade reports usually utilized for employment purposes, are provided upon written request at no charge to students or alumni. The signed and dated written request to the Law School Registrar can be made by letter, fax, pdf, a form available from the Registrar, or through the My Georgia Law portal. Grades and other personally identifiable academic information will not be communicated by telephone.
School of Law University of Georgia Athens, GA 30602
Official University academic transcripts are available from the University Registrar's Office in the Holmes-Hunter Academic Building. Official transcripts are normally required for bar admission and for graduate school admission, but not for interviews with employers. Official transcript ordering information may be found at: http://www.reg.uga.edu/transcripts.
HONOR CODE CONSTITUTION
AS AMENDED SEPTEMBER 26, 2001
In keeping with the spirit of the legal profession, knowing that upon every student at the Law School rests the duty to maintain a Code of unimpeachable conduct, and that there is a need for a system which will enable students not to condone other conduct that detracts from the integrity of our Law School, this Honor Code Constitution is hereby ordained and established.
ARTICLE I. JURISDICTION
The jurisdiction of the Honor Court extends to all students of the University of Georgia Law School. The Honor Court has jurisdiction to determine whether a student defendant has violated the Honor Code in any instance in which a complaint is filed by any member of the law school community with the Honor Court Investigators or their advisor.
ARTICLE II. HONOR COURT
Section 1. Purpose. There shall be a body known as the Honor Court. The Honor Court shall serve as a court for the trial of violations and the determination of punishment in cases of guilt.
Section 2. Membership. The Honor Court consists of a Hearing Panel and a Hearing Officer, and shall be assisted by an Investigators Committee.
a. Hearing Panel. The Hearing Panel consists of five student justices, two of whom shall be chosen from the second-year law class, and three from the third-year class. In cases involving students of the first- year class, one member of the Hearing Panel must be a first-year student from a section other than that of the accused. The first-year representative shall be selected from the panel described in Article II, Section 4(a). The justices shall be nominated by the members of their respective classes, and shall be elected by a majority of those persons voting in their respective class elections by secret ballot. All justices shall serve a term of one year, and may be reelected to a second term.
b. Hearing Officer. A member of the faculty appointed by the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs of the Law School shall serve as the Hearing Officer. The Hearing Officer shall serve a term of two years, during which time (s)he shall manage investigative and hearing procedures under Article IV. The Hearing Officer is not a member of the Hearing Panel, does not vote to determine guilt or innocence and does not participate in the private deliberations of the Hearing Panel. The Hearing Officer shall determine all procedural questions presented during Article IV proceedings. The Hearing Officer, however, cannot rule upon motions regarding probable cause determinations by the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs or upon any motions that require rulings on the merits of the case.
c. Investigators Committee. Five students shall comprise an Investigators Committee, two of whom shall be chosen from the second-year class, and three from the third-year class. In cases involving first-year students, one member of the Investigators Committee must be a first-year student from a section other than that of the accused. The first-year representative shall be selected from the panel described in Article II, Section 4(b). The investigators shall be nominated by the members of their respective classes, and shall be elected by a majority of those persons voting in their respective class elections by secret ballot. Each investigator shall serve a term of one year, and may be reelected to a second term.
1) Chief Investigator. One of the third-year investigators shall be Chief Investigator. The nominations for Chief Investigator shall be the three investigators elected by the rising third-year class. The Chief Investigator shall be elected by a plurality of all votes cast by an electorate comprised of the rising second and rising third-year classes.
2) Prosecutor. In the event of a formal adjudication under Article IV, one investigator shall be selected by the Chief Investigator to serve as Prosecutor.
Section 3. Powers. The Honor Court shall hear cases alleging violations of the Honor Code; determine guilt or innocence; determine penalties; promulgate any and all regulations and procedures necessary for the efficient and fair operation of Honor Court matters; and publish such of its conclusions and proceedings as it determines to be advisable and wise, consistent with the student's right to confidentiality if the student should elect that the trial be secret.
Section 4. Elections and Nominations of First-Year Representatives.
a. Hearing Panel. No later than the third week in October, members of the first-year class will submit nominations for membership on the Hearing Panel. In order to be considered, a first-year student must provide the signatures of fifty classmates that support, not necessarily exclusively, the student's nomination. Those applying to the Hearing Panel are not prohibited from also applying to the Investigators Committee, and the collected fifty signatures satisfy the nomination process for both Committees. The Hearing Panel will interview those who received the necessary signatures. Criteria that may be used by the Hearing Panel in choosing are seriousness of candidate, previous experience, and availability for meetings. The interviews will conclude within one week of their commencement. The Hearing Panel shall then select one, properly nominated, first-year student from each section to serve as a first-year representative to the Hearing Panel. If a section produces no properly nominated first-year representatives for the Hearing Panel, the Hearing Panel will have the discretion to select a representative from such section.
b. Investigators Committee. No later than the third week in October, members of the first-year class will submit nominations for membership on the Investigators Committee. In order to be considered, a first-year student must provide the signatures of fifty classmates that support, not necessarily exclusively, the student's nomination. Those applying to the Investigators Committee are not prohibited from also applying to the Hearing Panel, and the collected fifty signatures satisfy the nomination process for both Committees. The Investigators Committee will interview those who received the necessary signatures. Criteria that may be used by the Investigators Committee in choosing are seriousness of candidate, previous experience, and availability for meetings. The interviews will conclude within one week of their commencement. The Investigators Committee shall then select one, properly nominated, first-year student from each section to serve as a first-year representative to the Investigators Committee. If a section produces no properly nominated first-year representatives for the Investigators Committee, the Investigators Committee will have the discretion to select a representative from such section.
ARTICLE III. HONOR CODE
Section 1. Definitions
a. "Academic matter" means all matters that relate to:
1) Any law school course;
2) Any law school examination;
3) Any matter for which law school credit is given or sought;
4) Any non-electoral competition for membership in any law journal
or other student organization; or
5) Material submitted for publication in any law journal.
b. "Person in authority" means all faculty of the law school (including visiting and adjunct faculty), all employees of the law school with responsibility in connection with any academic matter, and all professional library staff members.
c. "Associate Dean" means the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs for the Law School.
Section 2. A student Violates the Honor Code if he/she:
a. Knowingly makes a materially false or deceptive statement to a person in authority in connection with an academic matter; or
b. Engages in conduct in connection with an academic matter either:
1) For the purpose of gaining an unfair advantage over another student, or
2) Under circumstances such that a reasonable law student would know that the conduct was likely to result in an unfair advantage.
Section 3. Examples of Honor Code Violations
As illustrations of conduct which violates the provisions in Section 2, the following specific forms of conduct by students are violations of the Honor Code:
a. Violation of any procedure adopted by any person in authority for an examination or any other graded material, including but not limited to:
1) Use of unauthorized materials;
2) Writing beyond the time limit of the examination;
3) Communication with any unauthorized person during the
examination or the preparation of the graded material; or
4) Communication concerning the examination or preparation of
the graded material with any student who already has taken or who has yet to take the examination.
b. Purposeful destruction, mutilation, secretion, or unauthorized removal of any law school property, including library material.
c. Purposeful invasion, including by computer, of the security maintained for the preparation or storage of examinations or other confidential information retained by the law school.
d. Submission, except by permission of the relevant person in authority after full disclosure, of any work prepared, used, or submitted in another course or for a law journal, clinic, employer, or any other organization.
e. Agreeing, soliciting, attempting or agreeing to commit, assist, or facilitate a violation of this Article.
f. Failure to report a known violation of this Article within a reasonable time.
g. Failure to provide information or testimony when requested by the Honor Court, except upon a showing of good cause.
h. Making a false representation about one's academic record or law school activities to a prospective employer or to another academic institution;
i. Unauthorized use of academic materials, such as library books;
j. Unauthorized taking of another student's books, class notes, outlines, study materials or computer;
k. Violation of the confidentiality rules created by the Honor Code Constitution.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit in any way the provisions of Section 2 of this Article.
Section 4. This Article does not apply to plagiarism. Conduct alleged to constitute plagiarism remains within the authority of the faculty.
Section 5. All incoming students shall sign the following pledge on matriculation.
I, the undersigned, have read the School of Law Honor Code Constitution, and understand what is expected of me as a student, including my obligation to report violations to which I am a witness or of which I am aware.
The pledge remains in effect until (a) graduation or (b) termination of education prior to graduation.
ARTICLE IV: INVESTIGATIVE AND HEARING PROCEDURES
Section 1. Referral, Investigation, and Probable Cause Determination
a. Reporting Procedure
All students and faculty (full and part-time) who reasonably believe that a violation of the Honor Code has occurred have an affirmative duty promptly to report the violation to the Chief Investigator. A complaint may be made by any other person with knowledge of a violation, including staff members and administrators of the law school. The complaint must be in writing, signed by the complainant.
b. Preliminary Investigation
Within three (3) days of receiving a complaint, the Chief Investigator shall assign an investigator to the case and the complaint. If the complaint alleges a violation by an upperclass student, only an upperclass student may serve as investigator. If the matter involves a first-year student, a first-year representative, not from the section of the accused, may serve as the investigator. The Investigator shall then commence an investigation within five (5) days. The inquiry shall be undertaken in a manner determined by the Investigator to be appropriate, based upon the nature of the charges, the confidentiality of the investigation, and the interest of the parties. The Investigator may interview the accused student and others. Those interviews may be tape recorded. The Investigator shall maintain the strict confidentiality of the investigation. Students, faculty, staff, and administrators have a duty to cooperate with the Investigator. The accused student may decline to be interviewed. At the beginning of an interview with the accused student, the Investigator shall advise the student of the allegations and of the student's right to decline to be interviewed and to have lay representation by anyone other than a member of the Law School faculty or staff.
c. The Investigators' Report
1) Submission of Report. Not later than fifteen (15) days after the commencement of the investigation, the Investigators Committee shall submit a written report to the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. The report must contain a recommendation of any further action that the Investigators Committee believes to be warranted. If the matter involves a first-year student, a first-year representative, not from the section of the accused, will participate in the deliberation of the Investigators Committee. The Chief Investigator shall select one of the eligible first-year representatives as described in Article II, Section 4(b). When the Investigators Committee is required to vote on an accusation against a first-year student, the Chief Investigator shall preside, but not vote. If the Investigators Committee believes in good faith that a Hearing Panel could not reasonably find that the accused student committed an Honor Code violation, the Investigators Committee shall recommend dismissal.
2) Nature of the proceeding before the Associate Dean. Pre-hearing proceedings before the Associate Dean are strictly for the purpose of determining whether there is sufficient evidence (probable cause) to warrant a formal charge. The proceedings need not be conducted as formal hearings.
3). Appeal. A decision by the Associate Dean to dismiss the charge or proceed with the charge is not appealable within the Law School. If the charge is dismissed, a later charge may not be brought against the same student based on the same factual episode.
d. Actions Permitted
1) Declination. If the Associate Dean concludes that there is not probable cause to believe that an Honor Code violation occurred or that the accused student committed the violation, the Associate Dean shall issue a declination to prosecute. If a matter is declined, the Chief Investigator shall notify in writing the complainant (and other persons interviewed by the Investigator who of necessity learned the identity of the accused student) of the action taken. The complainant and those who have learned the accused's identity must be warned of the confidentiality of the matter and admonished not to disclose to others the student's identity. If the accused student was contacted by the Investigator during the inquiry, or if the case Investigator reasonably believes that the student has become aware of the complaint or investigation, the Chief Investigator shall notify the student of the declination.
2) Referral to Honor Court for prosecution. If the Associate Dean concludes that there is probable cause to believe that an Honor Code violation occurred and that the accused student committed the violation, he/she shall deliver a letter to the Hearing Officer and to the Chief Investigator, stating his/her probable cause determination. The letter must contain the name of the accused student and the specification of the Honor Code provision(s) violated, with a brief statement summarizing the specific acts or omissions constituting the violation(s).
3) Undertake further investigation. When the interests of justice and the parties require, the Associate Dean may order further investigation by the Investigators Committee not to exceed fifteen (15 ) days, at which time the Committee shall submit a report to the Associate Dean. At that point, the Associate Dean will either decline or refer the matter for prosecution.
4) The case file. In a matter closed without prosecution, a memorandum from the Associate Dean explaining this determination shall be placed in the case file. The case file containing the original complaint, tape recordings or other investigatory materials, the case Investigators' report, the memorandum decision, and copies of the notification letters sent to affected persons must be securely maintained in the office of the Associate Dean. The student's law school file may not reflect that an investigation has taken place.
Section 2. Case Prosecution
a. Notification of Student
Unless a finding of good cause has been made by the Associate Dean to extend the period, within five (5) days of the Associate Dean's probable cause finding, the Chief Investigator shall hand deliver to the accused student ("respondent") notice of the probable cause determination, along with a copy of the Honor Code Constitution. The notice must inform the respondent of:
1) The nature of the charges against the student: the specific Honor Code section(s) alleged to have been breached and summary of the specific acts or omissions constituting the violation(s);
2) The rights the accused shall enjoy during all subsequent Honor Court proceedings in the case, including:
3) The burden of the prosecution to establish the charge(s) by clear and convincing evidence;
4) The sanctions available to the Honor Court, which include but are not limited to one or more of the following:
5) The fact that any sanction imposed on the student will be noted in the student's permanent record/transcript, and;
6) The opportunity during the ten (10) days following delivery of the letter to contact the case prosecutor (identified by name) and consent to a stated discipline, subject to Honor Court approval, thereby avoiding trial.
b. Formal Adjudication
1) Convening the court. If the respondent does not respond to the invitation to consent to discipline or if no agreement is reached within the prescribed time limits, the case investigator (now "prosecutor") shall promptly notify the Hearing Officer that the matter can be set for a hearing on the merits. Upon receipt of such notice, the Hearing Officer shall promptly convene the Honor Court. If the respondent is a first-year student, the upperclass members of the Hearing Panel shall select one first- year representative as described in Article II, Section 4(a) to join the Hearing Panel. The Hearing Panel may not select a first-year representative from the section of the accused. In matters involving first-year students, a senior member, chosen at the discretion of the upperclass members of the Hearing Panel, will not vote in the adjudication or sanction process.
2) Notice. The court shall set a hearing date, time, and place and hand deliver to the Chief Investigator and the respondent a conforming notice, which shall contain the names of the members of the court. Except for good cause, the hearing on the merits must be held within fifteen (15) days of the convening of the court.
3) Disqualifications. Any member of the Honor Court or member of the Investigators Committee may disqualify himself or herself from investigating or hearing any reported violation. The respondent shall have the right to challenge for cause members of the court. The Hearing Officer shall rule on any challenges. A vacancy created on the Committee may, if necessary, be filled by a temporary member, selected by the Chief Investigator in consultation with the Hearing Officer. A vacancy on the Hearing Panel may be filled if necessary, by a temporary member selected by the Dean, provided that the temporary member be a member of the same class as the disqualified member. In the event that the Hearing Officer must disqualify himself/herself from involvement with the case, the Dean shall select a member of the faculty to serve as a temporary Hearing Officer.
4) Continuance. The Hearing Officer may continue or adjourn the hearing without prejudice if essential evidence is unavailable, or for other good cause shown.
5) Discovery. Upon written demand by either the prosecutor or the respondent, he or she shall be provided a list of his witnesses and copies of any documentary evidence. The list may be amended up to but not later than twenty-four hours before the date and time of the hearing on the merits. Once the list is provided, no person may testify and no documentary evidence may be received into evidence unless the name or exhibit appears on the list, or the party seeking to admit the evidence can show good cause for its exclusion on the list provided to the opposing party.
The prosecution shall disclose to the respondent any evidence known to him or her that tends to exonerate the respondent or mitigate the degree of culpability.
6) Adjudication by consent.
7) Adjudication by admission. If the Hearing Officer receives notice from the respondent that he or she intends to admit the violation(s) and requests a hearing only on the sanction, the Hearing Officer shall notify the prosecutor that witnesses may be excused from attendance at the scheduled hearing, except for witnesses that may be relevant to the sanction. The Hearing Officer shall also notify the respondent of the hearing date the court will accept the admission and proceed to the sanction hearing, and that any witnesses relevant to the sanction need be in attendance.
8) Adjudication by a hearing on the merits.
ARTICLE V: APPELLATE PROCEDURES
Section 1. Filing and the Appellate Panel.
Within fifteen (15) days of the receipt of the court's report, a respondent may file an appeal with Dean of the Law School. The respondent's appeal can be based on the inappropriateness of either: 1) the finding of guilty or 2) the sanction imposed. The prosecutor can file an appeal based on the inappropriateness of the sanction. The Dean shall appoint an appellate panel of three faculty members to decide the appeal. The appeal may include a supporting memorandum and/or a request for oral argument. Both the respondent and the prosecutor have a right to appear before the faculty appellate panel. Both the prosecutor and the respondent may file a responsive memorandum within fifteen (15) days of the filing of the other party's memorandum. Oral arguments are limited to twenty (20) minutes each.
Section 2. The Record on Appeal.
The appellate panel shall be provided with and shall review as necessary the record on appeal, which shall contain:
Section 3. Appellate Standard.
The appellate panel shall decide the appeal based upon its review of the pertinent portions of the record, any appellate memoranda received, the arguments of the parties, any presumptive sanctions, and the requirements of the Honor Code and its constitution and procedures and shall affirm the factual findings and conclusions unless they are clearly erroneous. The appellate panel may not disturb the recommended sanction(s) unless it is convinced that the recommendation constitutes a clear abuse of discretion. If the appellate panel reverses the finding of a violation or the sanctions, it may order a new trial, dismiss the charge(s), modify the findings, conclusions, and sanction(s) imposed, or affirm the action of the hearing court. Two-thirds of the members of the appellate body must agree on the action to be taken, and the written opinion of the appellate panel shall be delivered to the Dean, Associate Dean, Hearing Officer, prosecutor and the respondent within ten (10) days of the panel's decision. The Associate Dean shall promptly facilitate implementation of the sanction(s) as no further appeal is available within the Law School. The respondent shall be notified, however, of the opportunity to appeal to the President of the University.
ARTICLE VI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Section 1. Records and Reports.
1) Regardless of the decision on the merits, the record of the case shall be maintained in the office of the Associate Dean after termination of the proceedings. The record may be consulted by the Dean, Associate Dean, the Honor Court, or the Investigators Committee, or the Prosecutor for any relevant purpose.
2) When a matter has been formally adjudicated and finally resolved, regardless of the decision on the merits, the Hearing Officer shall
3) When a matter has been formally adjudicated and finally resolved and a student is found guilty of a violation of the Honor Code either after a trial or by a product of an adjudication by consent:
Section 2. Record Disclosure.
Neither the content nor the existence of any disciplinary action may be disclosed, nor may the name of the accused or convicted student be disclosed, except as noted above and when required by law or order of a court; when required, consistent with law by the Dean or Associate Dean, by the Honor Court, or by the Investigators Committee; or when the student has signed a waiver of confidentiality.
Section 3. Calculation of Time Periods.
In the calculation of any time periods referred to in these rules, weekends, law school holidays, and the day from which the time period begins to run may not be included in the calculation of the time period.
Section 4. Summer Session.
If a quorum of the Investigators Committee or Honor Court is unavailable to consider a case during the summer session, the matter may be postponed until such quorum is available.
Section 5. Finality and Exclusivity of Sanctions
Any sanctions imposed under this Honor Code Constitution (either through adjudication by hearing, by admission or by consent) shall constitute the final action of the Law School. The Faculty may not later refuse to graduate the respondent solely because of the sanctions or because of the events from which they arose. However, if the Faculty has other information relevant to its decision on graduation, the Faculty may consider the sanctions and the underlying events together with that other information in deciding whether to recommend the respondent for graduation.
ARTICLE VII. ENACTMENT
This Constitution shall become effective upon approval by a majority of those students voting in an election, with fifty percent of the student body being a quorum, and approval by a majority of those tenure-track faculty members voting at a called faculty meeting.
ARTICLE VIII. AMENDMENTS
This Honor Code Constitution may be amended in the following ways:
FACULTY POLICY ON PLAGIARISM
While the Honor Code is designed primarily to govern situations in which students observe or detect other students acting inappropriately, the Law Faculty has adopted the following policy to cover situations where a faculty member concludes that a student is guilty of plagiarism:
Plagiarism is unacceptable and will not be tolerated at the University of Georgia Law School. Plagiarism is the submission of another's work as one's own. It includes: 1) use of another's exact words without use of quotation marks and acknowledgement of that use in a footnote or endnote; 2) use of another's organizational scheme without acknowledgement of that use in a footnote or endnote; 3) either close paraphrasing of the work of another without attribution or submission of a work which is largely a paraphrasing of another's work without attribution. Each student is obliged to be aware of the policy against plagiarism and lack of awareness of the policy does not excuse a violation of it. No student shall be permitted to graduate while charges of plagiarism are pending against that student.
B. Options for Faculty Member Who Believes Plagiarism Has Been Committed
Upon discovering what is believed to be plagiarism on written work submitted by a student in a course, a faculty member may:
C. Institutional Response to a Faculty Member's Finding of Plagiarism
D. Decision in Favor of the Student
In situations where:
1. "Faculty Member" means any individual assigned to teach a course offered by the University of Georgia Law School.
2. "Student" means any person enrolled in a course offered by the University of Georgia Law School.
All students, including law students, are expected to adhere to the University of Georgia Student Code of Conduct. The full Code can be found online at http://conduct.uga.edu/.
Student Complaints Related to ABA Compliance
As an ABA-accredited law school, the School of Law is subject to the ABA Standards for Approval of Law Schools. Under ABA Standard 512, any student at the Law School may bring a formal complaint to the Law School administration “of a significant problem that directly implicates the school’s program of legal education and its compliance with the ABA Standards.”
Students seeking to file a formal complaint related to the program of legal education and compliance with the ABA Standards must do the following:As an ABA-accredited law school, the School is subject to the ABA Standards for Approval of Law Schools. Under ABA Standard 512, any student at the School of Law may bring a formal complaint to the Law School administration “of a significant problem that directly implicates the school’s program of legal education and its compliance with the ABA Standards.”
Students seeking to file a formal complaint related to the program of legal education and compliance with the ABA Standards shall do the following:
When the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs receives a student complaint, the following procedures will be followed:
The University of Georgia LL.M. Program offers highly qualified applicants the opportunity to pursue an individually fashioned program of course work in an area of law that suits their professional interests at one the nation's most highly regarded law schools. Students must have received the equivalent of a J.D. degree from a recognized foreign institution and must meet the educational requirements to be admitted to practice law in the country where the law degree was earned.
Candidates may choose the All-Courses track or the Essay track. The All- Courses track gives students the opportunity to create an individualized program of study by selecting courses specific to their interests from the Law School’s extensive curriculum. Those students who opt for the Essay track must write a scholarly paper of 60-90 pages for 6 credits under the supervision of a faculty member. The LL.M. degree is awarded upon the successful completion of 24 hours of course credit during an academic year.
LL.M. in U.S. Law for Foreign-Educated Law Graduates
1. All Courses Track
Requirements - (9 hours)
In addition to other eligibility requirements, six of the required 24 credit hours must be earned in courses taught in subjects tested on the New York bar for students to be eligible to take the Bar in New York.
Electives - (15 hours)
2. LL.M. Essay Track
Requirements - (15 hours)
Electives - (9 hours)
The essay track is designed for students who plan to go into academia. It is the student's responsibility to select an approved topic and arrange for a member of the law faculty to supervise the essay.
At the end of the second semester of resident study, the Law School will review the LL.M. candidate’s file. Each LL.M. candidate is required to maintain a 2.7 (B-) average for all the course work. When all requisites are fulfilled, graduation is authorized by the Deans of the Law School and of the Graduate School.
Applicants who intend to practice law should be aware that admission to the bar in all states involves character, fitness, and other qualifications. Applicants are encouraged to determine what those requirements are in the state(s) in which they intend to practice by consulting the website of the National Conference of Bar Examiners at http:www.ncbex.org/.
The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is a component of the bar exam in almost every jurisdiction. The Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE) is also a requirement in most jurisdictions, including Georgia. The Multistate Essay Exam (MEE) has currently been adopted for use by some jurisdictions, and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT) has been adopted for use by some jurisdictions. In addition to the successful completion of the bar exam, the Georgia Board of Bar Examiners requires a passing grade on the MPRE. The forms to register for this examination are available online at http://www.ncbex.org.
The subjects tested on the MBE are Contracts, Civil Procedure (to be added in February 2015), Torts, Evidence, Real Property, Criminal Law, and Constitutional Law. Criminal Law includes criminal procedure questions.
A number of upper-level courses are subjects frequently tested on bar exams throughout the country. In planning their schedules, students should consult the bar requirements of their state. A good source of information concerning the subjects tested on a particular state’s bar exam is the National Conference of Bar Examiner s’ website: http://www.ncbex.org/.
Continuing Duty of Disclosure
Students have a continuing duty to promptly disclose information that is responsive to the questions on the application to law school while a student at Georgia Law. This continuing duty extends to periods between semesters when classes are not in session. Disclosure should be made to the Associate Dean for Administration. Failure to disclose post-admission conduct that is responsive to the questions on the application may result in revocation of admission, suspension or dismissal after matriculation, denial of certification of graduation, or revocation of a degree. Failure to disclose post-admission conduct that is responsive to the questions stated above may also result in rendering a graduate ineligible for Bar admission.
Registration for Bar Examination
Students intending to practice in Georgia are encouraged to file an Application for Certification of Fitness to Practice Law in the second semester of their second year. Application materials may be requested at http://www.gabaradmissions.org.
Each Georgia Bar Exam applicant must provide proof to the Bar that degree requirements have been met. The Law School Registrar’s Office will certify this information to the Georgia Bar automatically. Students taking a bar examination in states outside of Georgia can request certification by the Law School Registrar via email or letter. Students should include the address of the bar and any applicable forms in their request for certification.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) affords students certain rights with respect to their education records. Information regarding FERPA may be accessed at https:/apps.reg.uga.edu/FERPA/.
Consistent with its obligations under federal and state law, the Law School makes reasonable accommodations in the academic program for disabled students. To obtain accommodations, a student should first contact the Disability Resource Center (DRC) at the University of Georgia.
The Disability Resource Center is located in Clark Howell Hall.
Phone: (706) 542-8719 TTY: (706) 542-8778 Fax: (706) 542-7719
The mission of the Disability Resource Center is to promote equal educational opportunities and a welcoming academic, physical, and social environment for students with disabilities at the University. It seeks to eliminate both physical and attitudinal barriers that may exist on campus and to promote inclusion for students with disabilities in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, as amended in 1998.
To qualify for services, students need to complete an intake packet and provide current documentation supporting their disability related accommodations from a qualified professional (see specific criteria on website). For more information on eligibility and services, please call or visit the DRC webpage at www.drc.uga.edu.
Once a student is registered with the DRC and is eligible for specific accommodations, then the student will work with the Office of Academic and Student Affairs at the Law School regarding the accommodations. Questions should be directed to the Office of Student Affairs (email@example.com).
Personnel in the Law School Office of Student Affairs are available to discuss personal issues or challenges. Certified counseling psychologists and psychiatrists are available on campus and medical assistance is available through the University Health Center.
Student Support and Health Services
Counseling and Psychiatric Services
University Health Center
Phone: (706) 542-1162
All students are subject to the University's Non-Discrimination and Anti-Harassment Policy (NDAH) and are expected, as a condition of enrollment, to conduct themselves in accordance with this policy. It is important that you familiarize yourselves with the University's policy, which can be accessed at http://eoo.uga.edu/policies/non-discrimination-anti-harassment-policy.
University of Georgia Short Term Loan
Short term loans up to three hundred dollars ($300.00) are available through UGA. Applications are available from the Office of Student Accounts and approved by the Associate Dean for Administration. The form is submitted to Student Accounts, Business Services Building, located on Broad Street. Additional information can be found at http://www.bursar.uga.edu/single_semester_terms.pdf
The application is available at http://www.busfin.uga.edu/bursar/ls_single_semester.pdf
Law School Emergency Loans
The Associate Dean for Administration can approve a loan from the Law School Emergency Loan Fund. The loan is available only to law students who have an outstanding University of Georgia Short Term Loan. Eligible students may borrow up to $300 for 30 days interest-free. Loan processing generally takes 3-5 business days.
Tuition and Fee Refund Schedule
Classification as In-State for Law School Tuition Purposes
An independent student enrolled at Georgia Law as a non-resident may be classified as in-state for tuition purposes upon demonstration by clear and convincing evidence that the out-of-state domicile has been abandoned and legal residence has been established in Georgia.
There is no exact formula to ensure reclassification for independent students. Each case is evaluated according to its particular facts. The following actions, although not exhaustive or necessarily conclusive, support a claim for in-state status.
Petition for Classification as In-State
Law students who intend to remain in Georgia upon completion of their legal studies should complete and submit a Petition for Classification as In-State for Tuition Purposes. The petition should be submitted to the School of Law Admissions Office by July 1 for the fall semester and November 1 for the spring semester.
If a petition for classification as an in-state student is denied, an appeal can be made to the Residency Appeals Committee at the address below. The appeal must be received within 30 days from the date of the denial notification. A copy of the denial letter as well as a postal address, telephone number, and/or email address at which the student may be reached must be included, along with a clear statement of why the decision is incorrect.
Residency Appeals Committee/UGA/102 Lustrat House/Athens, GA 30602- 1693. Fax: 706.542.3248
Following administrative review and/or hearing, the Residency Appeals Committee will make a recommendation to the President who will review the Committee’s findings and recommendations, decide the case, and communicate his decision. The President’s decision in residency matters is final. The School of Law Admissions Office will not be able to assist in the appeal process. Should you have questions, please call the Residency Appeals Committee at 706.542.0006.
*In-state classification for tuition purposes is governed by the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia. The information contained in this Handbook is for independent students enrolled in the School of Law only. It is subject to change. Refer to the Board of Regents Policy Manual for current complete information regarding Georgia residency for tuition purposes at the University of Georgia.
With the exception of the Law Library, Law School buildings are open daily from 7:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. except weekends and University holidays. Exterior doors equipped with emergency exit devices are locked from 6:00 p.m. until 7:00 a.m. Students have UGA card access to lockers, vending areas, and lounges when the Law Library is open.
Any access problems should be reported to the Marc Galvin at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Law School facilities are available for use by student organizations. To coordinate special activities, guidelines for facilities use have been developed. The Room Scheduling Form is available on the Student Resources page on the Law School website. Submit requests during regular business hours at least 48 hours in advance to ensure the reservation can be processed. To arrange building access for after-hours or weekends, consult with Marc Galvin at email@example.com.
Lockers are available for all students during each term the student is registered for classes. Members of student journals are encouraged to use the journal offices for book storage to make locker space available to other students.
Students must provide their own locks. Lockers are assigned by the Law School’s Student Affairs Office. Locks will be removed from lockers at the end of the spring term unless the student is registered for the summer term.
Cash, jewelry, and other valuable items should not be stored in lockers. The Law School is not responsible for items stored in lockers.
University of Georgia policy prohibits smoking in all University facilities. In addition, it prohibits smoking in areas adjacent to a facility if the smoking would adversely affect the environment of those entering or exiting the facility. It also permits the creation of designated smoking areas.
In accordance with this policy, smoking is prohibited in Law School buildings and around the entrances to them, including Harold Hirsch Hall, Dean Rusk Hall, the Hosch Law Library Annex, and the Sutherland Courtyard.
Designated smoking areas, outside and away from doors, for the Law School are:
1) the area immediately around the bench located between the entrances to the Law Library and the main entrance of Harold Hirsch Hall (Law School), and 2) the area along Herty Drive between Harold Hirsch Hall and Caldwell Hall. Receptacles for extinguished cigarettes are located near both areas.
In accordance with University of Georgia policy, every student is required to have an email address to which official University and Law School communications are sent. In the best interest of effective communications management, this address must reside on the University-maintained UGAMail email system. If a student chooses to forward email from his or her UGA account to another account, it is the student’s responsibility to insure that the UGA account not become full and, thus, fail to forward emails. It is also the student’s responsibility to check email daily.
Listservs are established for the 1L class (and one for each 1L section), the 2L class, the 3L class, the LL.M. students and joint degree students. While students are not authorized to post to official listservs or unsubscribe from them, two voluntary student listservs exist for special purposes. Lawstu-announce is designed to provide an outlet for student organizations to communicate with their members and the Law School community and also is an outlet for lost and found notices from students. Lawstu-trade serves as a forum for the exchange of information on such matters as housing. Both student listservs are moderated.